Hypertension accounts for half of stroke deaths and heart problems

Portal Terra | 05/06/2019
04/24/2019 - In the National and World Day of Prevention and Fight against Arterial Hypertension, expert alerts to the various pitfalls for those who have high blood pressure

National Arterial Hypertension Prevention and Control Day (April 26) and World Hypertension Day (May 17) are dates to alert people to the importance of controlling blood pressure. After all, it is one of the main factors for the onset of cardiovascular disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 51% of deaths due to stroke (AVC) and 45% of heart-related deaths are due to hypertension. The statement is from Dr. Marcus Bolivar Malachias, cardiologist, former president of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology [Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia] – SBC (biennium 2016-2017) and professor at Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Minas Gerais (FCMMG).

"Cardiovascular diseases kill more than cancer, accidents and violence. People often take care of the safety, the diagnosis of cancer, follow the treatment, even though they have several side effects, but do not worry about controlling the pressure. It is this awareness that we need to create in the populatio", complements Dr. Marcus Malachias.

Arterial hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic disease characterized by high blood pressure levels in the arteries. Importantly, being chronic means that this disease has no definitive cure. And this is one of the issues that cause problems for people joining the treatment of hypertension.

"Ninety per cent of the patients diagnosed with hypertension need to use medications. Do not listen to myths around medications and any side effects, since these are virtually absent for this type of treatment", says Dr. Marcus Malachias.

"For people with hypertension, who need to be medicated, changes in habits can help decrease the amount of medication. Staying at optimal weight, exercising and decreasing salt intake will positively aid treatment", recalls Dr. Dante Alario Junior, CSO – Scientific-Technical President of Biolab Farmacêutica.

Another important factor that masks the perception about the severity of hypertension is that it is asymptomatic. That is, it does not display symptoms. Patients are only aware that the pressure is high after the measurement, which is why it is necessary to do preventive control regularly, especially hypertensive patients.

"Whether or not you take the medication, you feel pretty much the same way. Therefore, some choose to stop the treatment. That is a big misconception. Without control, when the disease gives the alert, the health picture will probably already be associated with more serious pathologies, such as the possibility of myocardial infarction and stroke", highlights Dr. Malachias.

According to Dr. Malachias, in Brazil only 20% of patients follow the medical indications. This occurs for a number of reasons. But in general, the great villain is people's lack of awareness. The creation of a day dedicated to alert the population about hypertension is an initiative of the medical community to awaken or reinforce in people the importance of controlling blood pressure.

"We must all measure blood pressure regularly. If any change occurs, seek medical advice immediately. We need to disseminate the culture of health care. The individual who is not treated reduces his life expectancy between 5 and 16 years", concludes Dr. Marcus Malachias.

Access the video of Dr. Marcus Malachias to learn more about the importance of measuring blood pressure periodically: http://bit.ly/2PlKTjR.
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