You may suffer from atopic dermatitis. Check out the symptoms!

Folha Vitória | 06/15/2020
Fonte: Folha Vitória
The disease occurs more often in children, but also affects adults. Treatment is necessary

Excessive itching, redness and lesions of the skin are known and recurring symptoms for those who have atopic dermatitis. It is a chronic disease, caused by an imbalance in the immune system, which generates an exaggerated inflammatory response and breakdown of the skin barrier.

"Atopic dermatitis is an allergic manifestation, just like diarrhea and vomiting. Only in this case, it occurs on the skin. Like other chronic pathologies, no medication completely eliminates the problem, but it can be controlled", explains pediatrician and clinical nutritionist Dr. Fábio Ancona.

Atopic dermatitis is found in about 25% of children. However, adults may also suffer from the illness – it is estimated that between 2% and 9% have the disease.

"Although the causes of the imbalance that generates atopic dermatitis are unclear, genetic factors are known to play a major role. The condition is more likely to occur in families with a history of allergies, such as asthma or rhinitis," says Dr. Ancona.

Although it is not exclusive to children, atopic dermatitis begins during early childhood. In this age group, treatment choices to minimize symptoms are few and far between. However, safe options can be found in pimecrolimus-based products.

"Parents need to pay close attention to the type of treatment they will provide. The role of the pediatrician is key, as toxicity levels in most medications (such as corticosteroids) are usually too high and may expose the child. But that does not mean that the patient will be left untreated, since there are suitable and safe options, especially products based on pimecrolimus, which can be used in children older than three months of age, reducing dermatitis crises. Adult patients also need to pay attention", explains Dr. Fábio Ancona, who also emphasizes that cream formulas are better absorbed.

Atopic dermatitis has a greater recurrence on the face and joints, which can influence patients' social relations. So be careful. "It is possible to live without itching, sleep well and have healthy skin with the disease, but it is also necessary to see a doctor for the best treatment. Controlling the condition is key", concludes the pediatrician.
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